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Science

MATH and SCIENCE 8 (These courses run all year on alternate days)
 
Math 8 is intended to reinforce and extend the basic skills of elementary mathematics. Students are expected to have the basic skills in whole numbers, decimal, and fraction operations. The course includes units on exponents, rational numbers, ratios, percent, graphing, measurement, geometry, statistics and solving equations. It is expected that students will use calculators throughout this course.
 
On completion of this course, students should:
  • develop positive attitudes towards math
  • become math problem solvers
  • communicate and reason mathematically
  • use technology
  • estimate and use mental math
 
Science 8 develops four main areas of understanding:
 
  • life processes at the level of the cell
  • the structure and behaviour of matter
  • properties and behaviour of light
  • plate tectonics and processes within the Earth

Many of these concepts will be explored and tested in lab activities.
 
SCIENCE 9
 
This course develops four main areas of understanding:
 
  • reproduction is a cellular process
  • the chemical nature of elements and compounds
  • electric current and electric circuits
  • cycles of matter and energy in the Earth

Many of these concepts will be explored and tested in lab activities
 
 
SCIENCE 10 (SC 10)
 
This course develops four main areas of understanding:
 
  • DNA, genes and chromosomes, patterns of inheritance, genetics and its applications
  • Rearrangement of atoms and energy changes during chemical reactions, chemistry of acids and bases and practical applications of chemical reactions
  • Transformation of potential and kinetic energy and the impacts these have on the environment, nuclear energy and radiation and their applications
  • Formation of the universe and how the universe is changing over time, including big bang theory and methods used in Astronomy to understand the universe
 
LIFE SCIENCES 11
 
Prerequisite:  Science 10
 
Teacher recommendation:  Science 10 passed with a minimum of 65%
 
This course builds on an understanding of:
 
  • cell structure and function
  • asexual and sexual reproduction
  • viruses
  • process of evolution, including changes in DNA, natural selection, and formation of new species
  • artificial selection and genetic modification
  • levels of complexity in living organisms, from single celled forms to multicellular forms
  • trends in complexity among life forms, and how they are related in evolution
  • how living things are classified
 
Many of these concepts will be explored and tested in lab activities.
 
 
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 12
 
Prerequisite:  Science 10
 
Teacher recommendation:  prerequisite course passed with a minimum of 65%
 
This course builds an understanding of the following topics focusing on the human body:
 
  • biological molecules (carbohydrates, proteins, fats, etc.)
  • metabolism and enzymes 
  • how substances are moved in and out of cells
  • DNA and gene expression
  • proteins and their role in the human body
  • biotechnology
  • organ systems:  their structure and function, and how they work together 
  • lifestyle choices and their effects
  • disease as an imbalance of the functioning of organ systems
 
 
 
CHEMISTRY 11 (CH 11)
 
Prerequisite: Science 10 and Foundations of Math 10
 
Teacher recommendation: Both Foundations of Math 10 and Science 10 passed with a minimum of 65%
 
This course builds a basic understanding of chemical reactions:
 
  • structure of atoms, ions and molecules, and how and why they interact
  • conservation of matter and energy in chemical reactions
  • solubility of compounds
  • concept of the mole, and application of math to the analysis of chemical reactions
  • organic chemistry and its applications, as well as its effects on human health and the environment
 
 
CHEMISTRY 12 (CH 12)
 
Prerequisite:  Chemistry 11
 
This course continues from Chemistry 11 and further develops the understanding of chemical reactions:
 
  • reactions must collide to react, and the rate of reaction depends on several conditions
  • how reactions in equilibrium can be shifted by changing the conditions
  • the behaviour of saturated solutions in equilibrium
  • the chemistry of acids and bases
  • oxidation-reduction reactions and their applications, such as electrochemical cells
  • further development of mathematical and laboratory analysis
 
 
 
 

EARTH SCIENCE 11
 
Prerequisite: Science 10
 
This course builds an understanding of:
 
  • rocks and minerals, and how they change as they cycle through the Earth's surface over time
  • economic and environmental implications of local (B.C.) and global geological resources
  • plate tectonics and the evidence to support it
  • natural cycles in the atmosphere and the effects of human activity
  • weather and climate, as well as the effects of climate change
  • water as a unique resource
  • topics in astronomy
 
 
 
 
PHYSICS 11 (PHYS 11)
 
Prerequisite:  Science 10 and Foundations of Math 10
 
Teacher recommendation:  Both Science 10 and Foundations of Math 10 passed withe a minimum of 65%
 
 
This course builds an understanding of:
 
  • scalar quantities (where direction doesn't matter) and vector quantities (where it does matter)
  • the motion of objects, including projectiles
  • forces that can cause changes in motion
  • Newton's Laws of motion
  • simple machines
  • electric circuits
  • thermal equilibrium
  • properties of waves and characteristics of sound
  • graphing methods in physics
 
 
 
Physics will not be offered this coming year - The next time Physics will be offered is 2021 - 2022
 
 
PHYSICS 12 (PHYSICS 12)
 
Prerequisite:  Physics 11 and Foundations of Math 11
 
Teacher Recommendation:  Both prerequisites passed with a minimum of 65%
 
This course builds an understanding of
 
  • frames of reference and relative motion
  • uniform circular motion
  • gravitational fields and gravitational potential energy
  • electric fields
  • electrostatics and electrical potential energy
  • magnetic fields and magnetic force
  • electromagnetism and its applications (motors, generators, for example)
  • conservation of momentum and energy
  • graphical methods in physics
 
 
Physics will not be offered this coming year - The next time Physics will be offered is 2021 - 2022